Veiled, Unveiled!

The Headscarf

18 October 2018 to 26 February 2019
Just a piece of cloth but laden with countless facets of meaning is causing a stir: the headscarf used by devout women to cover their head, their face, and occasionally their whole body. The religious duty of women to cover their head has been part of European culture for centuries, though. Its story begins with early Christianity and has remained a vibrant issue to this day. 

About the exhibition

About the exhibition

In the Christian tradition, the veil becomes a symbol of dignity, chasteness, and virginity, and Saint Paul urges women to veil their faces when talking to God. Loose hair is regarded as immoral and only accepted as the exclusive prerogative of the Virgin Mary. The covered head is one of the privileges of married women, similar to the traditional habit of nuns, with mourners wearing the widow’s veil. In the Late Middle Ages, dress codes determine how women are to cover the heads and necks in the cities of Europe. 

In the early 1920s, the Pope deplores the imprudence of women who defy the limits of chasteness by dancing in “indecent” clothes. In the period of National Socialism, both headscarf and the traditional “dirndl” costume are intended to convey a sense of homeland, a certain national pride, and local authenticity. In the 1950s, the printed headscarf becomes a fashion accessory of luxury, elegance, and emancipation. The structure of power in gender relations is increasingly challenged. In Austria the patriarchal model of marriage is replaced by the principle of equality and partnership as late as 1976.

While some young Muslim women wear the headscarf as protection against dirt or wind, or for reasons of personal identity, others create a certain streetwear look – colourful and cheeky, sexy and yet modest. In Iran activists with loose hair choose highly visible spots at busy intersections and wave their headscarves as a sign of protest. At the same time, Western designers are guided by 1950s fashion and offer vintage headscarves as part of their collections. Queen Elizabeth II is still gracefully wearing her Hermès headscarf to this day – and not only when going for a ride.

The Weltmuseum Wien presents 17 distinct positions related to wearing headscarves and hopes to expand your opinion of this piece of cloth by new (and perhaps surprising) aspects.

Daily (except Monday)
10 am to 6 pm
10 am to 9 pm

Weltmuseum Wien

Neue Hofburg, Heldenplatz
1010 Vienna, Austria

Exhibition Catalogue 2018
Veiled, Unveiled! The Headscarf
€ 32.00

Heimatlied? Voilages – Verschleierungen

A film by Bele Marx & Gilles Mussard with Timna Brauer

Bele Marx & Gilles Mussard’s project heimat–made in schlins, ein festiver filmdrehtag gave rise to a multi-layered kaleidoscope of scenes and images playfully satirizing and challenging our ideas and stereotypes of “home” and “homeland”, spiced up with a liberal sprinkling of self-irony. The project is not simply about prejudice, but also about that which unites us the relationship between self-awareness and identity. A further highlight of this project is its short and experimental films, such as “Heimatlied?” by Timna Brauer, which feature as part of the present exhibition. Timna Brauer also composed the soundtrack and plays a sequence in the feature film.




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